Henry VIII was the second Tudor monarch, succeeding his father, Henry VII. He reigned from April 1509 until his death in January of 1547.
In 1526 King Henry, the Catholic Church, and the Church of England banned William Tyndale’s English New Testament. All copies that could be found were ordered to be gathered and burned at St. Paul's Cross in London. At Henry's behest, in 1536 William Tyndale was strangled and burned at the stake. His dying prayer echoed his heart's cry, "Lord, open the King of England's eyes!" Just two years later King Henry VIII would play a very significant role in the Reformation Bibles by authorizing the production of the Great Bible for the Church of England, which consisted largely of Tyndale's own work.
Under the influence of Thomas Cromwell, the Great Bible was licensed to be read by the people in all the churches of England. This necessitated public access, so to prevent theft the Bibles were chained to the pulpits, leading to the nickname "The Chained Bible". It is also sometimes called the Cromwell Bible because of his impact on its production, and his preface in the 1540 edition. This Bible would become the main English-Anglican Bible for nearly thirty years.