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Desiderius Erasmus had a great passion for reading, and was the only man to read every book in existence at that time. While in England, Erasmus began diligently studying the Greek manuscripts he had acquired. He focused his attention on how corrupt the Latin Vulgate had become, and the necessity to return to the original Greek and Hebrew manuscripts in order to accurately translate the Scriptures into common languages.
Working with John Froben, Erasmus published Novum Instrumentum omne, the first Greek-Latin Parallel New Testament, in 1516. This remarkable accomplishment was the first Scripture in a millennium to be produced without using the Latin Vulgate, and the first to be published from a printing press. Erasmus' text came to be known as the Textus Receptus, meaning Received Text as presented in the 1633 Elzevir edition of the Greek text. The third edition of 1522 formed the basis of the New Testament of the Authorized King James Version of 1611.
This fifth and final edition of Erasmus' Novum Testamentum was published in 1535, the year before he died.