Europe was embroiled in a spiritual conflict. The Roman Church had exercised iits liberty and license to corrupt every aspect of the true religion granted the New Testament churches. The state church, married politically to the Kings on one hand and to the Pope on the other, were out of control. The papacy, the hierarchy of the church, issued bills, launched inquisitions, and promoted purgatory. Priests were profiting from their private nefarious deals and the people suffered in spiritual darkness, deception and indentured poverty. The timing was right for an advocate of the people, for one to go before them and cause them to relinquish their damnable doctrines and their devilish practices. A young priest already stirred by study of the Scripture soon found himself at the forefront of a growing reformation movement. Martin Luther was not militant by nature but he was soon moved in light of his discoveries of the Church's corruption, and Christ’s admonition for correction.
Martin Luther started a movement with his 95 thesis nailed on the Wittenberg Cathedral in October of 1517. His writings that followed would redirect the thinking of generations to come. In 1522, Luther and his accomplices produced the first translations of the German New Testament from the received text of the Hebrew and Greek. The Old Testament was completed in 1534 and joined together with the German New Testament in the first complete German Bible of the reformation. Luther’s influence on others would lead to numerous other translations into the common languages, and a stronger separation from the Church of Rome.