The reformation period of the early 1500’s was adorned with many colorful and commendable characters. In almost every context concerning the reformation Bibles, Thomas Cranmer's name appeared in some format. Archbishop of Canterbury during the reigns of Henry VIII and Edward VI, he was instrumental in aiding in the King's annulment to Catherine of Aragon, which led to the separation of the English Church and the Catholic Church.
Cranmer and Cromwell, both showed support of the King's sovereignty and royal supremacy over the Church. Under Henry’s rule Cranmer was limited as to his influence, but under Edward he found great liberty in producing the BOOK OF COMMON PRAYERS and reforming many doctrines of the English Church.
After the ascension of Mary to the throne, he was arrested and tried for treason and heresies against the sovereign Queen, the kingdom, and the Holy Roman Church. Imprisoned for two years and, under pressure from the Church, he was tortured to recant of which he did, but was then brought forth for execution. Cranmer receded his recantation and loudly and boldly confessed his rejection of Rome and its papal role and refused to deny his confession of Jesus Christ as the head alone of church and state.